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6:9:40

Shaheen VIII:Pakistan and China areconductingjoint bilateral aerial exerciseShaheen VIII (Eagle VIII) in Chinese city of Holton.Aim: It aims to develop mechanism for interoperabilityof both countries’ air forces. It is touted as means to enhance close relations between the all-weather allies.

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What is Buddha Nullah?Originating at village Koom Kalan of Ludhiana and running for 47 kms till Walipur Kalan where it merges with River Sutlej, thisstream carrying fresh water was earlier known as ‘Buddha Dariya’.
Over the years, the name got changed to Buddha Nullah (drain) owing to the sewage, industrial and domestic waste that is dumped into it.#Prelims_2020#Target2020#mission2020 @YouthIAS

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6:11:59

Indonesia’s new capital:Thecapital of Indonesia,which is Jakarta at present, will be relocated tothe province of East Kalimantan on the lesser populated island of Borneo.
The relocation ismeant toreduce the burden on Jakarta,which has been facing problems such as poor quality air, traffic gridlocks and is particularly prone to flooding.
It is alsothe largest Indonesian citywith a population of 1 crore people and is located on the North West coast of the most populous island in the world, Java.#currentaffairs#Prelims_2020#Target2020#YouthIAS

Indonesia’s new capital:

The capital of Indonesia, which is Jakarta at present, will be relocated to the province ...
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Mission UPSC Prelims & MAINS 2020Physical Geography lecture series
Chapter-5 Part-1
https://youtu.be/mZ8WIGMjgfY

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Indian Express Editorial Analysis2nd February 2020
https://youtu.be/jh_KcBFPf6E

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Mission UPSC Prelims 2020Target120+ Prelim 2020Rs 100 to join channel.
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Show Your Skills and Earn Beyond the Market Standard with YouthIAS academy !!!!youthias hire a candidate for RECORDING - VIDEOSfor UPSC IAS Civil servicesTotal Vacancies = 05Type of Job = Part-Time/Full-Time.Salary = Much better than market standard plus Incentives.Location= Recording will be done on under the guidance ofyouthias.in. You will need to visit with YouthIAS senior team members once for discussion and record the videos. You can record multiple videos at one-go.Eligibility - Candidate must have energetic clear voice and ability to command over topics.Good commuication skill is required to understand the job assigned.•Must be able to understandthe dynamics of working in an academy should work towards prioritizing tight deadlines.If you already have recordedany video, send it's link or record one and send what's app atAny enquiry ContactTelegram@Contact_YouthIASWhatsApp no 9284901998

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14:42:32

‘Delhi Declaration’ on digital health:Delhi Declaration on digital health was adopted at the concluding session of the ‘4th Global Digital HealthPartnership Summit. It calls for WHO’s leadership in digital health and for it to establish a specific mechanism to centrally coordinate digital health to assist its Member States.#Prelims_2020#Target2020#mission2020 @YouthIAS

‘Delhi Declaration’ on digital health:

Delhi Declaration on digital health was adopted at the concluding session o...
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14:43:37

Changi base:Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently visited the Changi Naval Base in Singapore.About Changi naval base: Changi Naval Base (CNB)is the latest naval facility of the Republic ofSingapore Navy (RSN)and was built to replace Brani Naval Base.#Prelims_2020#Target2020#mission2020 @YouthIAS

Changi base:

Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently visited the Changi Naval Base in Singapore.

About Cha...
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Nilavembu kudineer:Context: The Tamil Nadu government has distributed nilavembu kudineer(a Siddha medicine) concoction to treat people infected with dengue during the outbreak.Nilavembu kudineer:Under in vitro conditions, nilavembu kudineer (a Siddha medicine) was found to provide protection against chikungunya virus while it was effective as a treatment during acute phase of dengue infection.#Prelims_2020#Target2020#mission2020 @YouthIAS

Nilavembu kudineer:

Context: The Tamil Nadu government has distributed nilavembu kudineer (a Siddha medicine) conc...
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14:47:35

Two new bird species spotted in Kerala Sanctuary:Two new species of birds have been spotted in North Kerala’s Aralam Wildlife Sanctuaryduring a recent bird survey in the district.The new species spottedwere Woolly-necked Stork and White-bellied Drongo, both dry-land species.#currentaffairs#Prelims_2020#Target2020 @YouthIAS

Two new bird species spotted in Kerala Sanctuary:

Two new species of birds have been spotted in North Kerala’s Ara...
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New Initiative phase-2 Target (UPSC Mains-2020) ◾️Daily Answer writing Challenge Practice (Day-80) UPSC Mains Answers Writing practice [ 3 February 2020]- (Day-80) Write the following Questions All compalsury (200 Words)

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8:22:55

Q.1 “I firmly believe that if a nation is made corruption-free and has beautiful minds, then three major people of society can make a difference in it. They are fathers, mothers and teachers. ”- A.P.J. Abdul Kalam . Analyze. “मेरा दृढ़ विश्वास है कि यदि किसी राष्ट्र को भ्रष्टाचार मुक्त और सुंदर मनों वाला बनाता हैं, तो उसमें समाज के तीन प्रमुख लोग अंतर ला सकते हैं। वे हैं पिता, माता एवं शिक्षक।” – ए.पी.जे. अब्दुल कलाम । विश्लेषण कीजिए।

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8:23:5

Q.2 How would you use emotional intelligence in administrative methods? प्रशासनिक पद्धतियों में भावनात्मक बुद्धि का आप किस तरह प्रयोग करेंगे?

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Q.3 Power, peace and security are considered the basis of international relations. Explain शक्ति, शांति एवं सुरक्षा अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय संबंधों के आधार माने जाते हैं। स्पष्ट कीजिए।

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Q.4 The crisis of moral values ​​in the present day is linked to the narrow conception of good life. वर्तमान समय में नैतिक मूल्यों का संकट, सद्-जीवन की संकीर्ण धारणा से जुड़ा हुआ है।

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Target UPSC Mains 2020
Daily Answer writing Practice

UPSC Mains Answers Writing practice Program

[ 3 February 2020]-) Day-80

Submit Ur Answers 👉

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11:25:43

🔰 Flame-ThroatedBulbulThe Flame-throated Bulbul isendemic to southern peninsular Indiawhere it is locally distributed in southern Andhra Pradesh, eastern Karnataka, Goa, Orissa, eastern Kerala and northern Tamil Nadu.
The Flame-throated Bulbul prefer habitats likerocky, scrub-covered hills mostly in the Eastern Ghats and central peninsular Indiabut also in some places in the Western Ghats.
IUCN status:Least ConcernIndia’s Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: It is aSchedule – IV bird.
#Prelims2020 #Youth_IAS

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UPSC Prelim-2019 special Quiz
Target 120+ UPSC Prelim-2020 Quiz

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(3rd February 2020 - Days -89)

Today's Topics -Current Affairs

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14:44:30

Basant Utsav:What is it? The famous Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore introduced Basant Utsavor Spring festival in Santiniketan, Birbhum to recreate the magic of Holi.The joyous festival is now an integral part of the Bengali culture.Also known as ‘Dol Jatra’ or the ‘Dol Utsav’, the fiesta enjoys the repute as the “Rabindrik Basanta Utsav”.#Prelims_2020#Target2020#mission2020 @YouthIAS

Basant Utsav:

What is it? The famous Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore introduced Basant Utsav or Spring festival in...
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14:44:56

Flame-Throated Bulbul Part of :- Environment Conservation Environment Pollution and degradation and Environmental impact assessment. Why in News :- The flame-throated bulbul, also called the Rubigula (State bird of Goa), has been chosen as the mascot of the 36th National Games. The 36th National Games will be held between October 20 and November 4 in the year 2020. Flame-Throated Bulbul :- The Flame-throated Bulbul is endemic to southern peninsular India where it is locally distributed in southern Andhra Pradesh, eastern Karnataka, Goa, Orissa, eastern Kerala and northern Tamil Nadu. The Flame-throated Bulbul prefer habitats like rocky, scrub-covered hills mostly in the Eastern Ghats and central peninsular India but also in some places in the Western Ghats. IUCN status: Least Concern India’s Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: It is a Schedule – IV bird. Source :- The Hindu

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Chola Dynasty Port- Poompuhar GS paper l - Ancient Indian History Context :- The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has launched ‘Project Digital Poompuhar’ to recreate the Chola Dynasty port city (Poompuhar) in Tamil Nadu. The reconstruction of Poompuhar is a part of DST’s Indian Digital Heritage (IDH) project. An exhibition of its first project ‘Digital Hampi’ is currently on display at the National Museum. The Poompuhar project is a part of the second phase of IDH. The second phase will focus on the heritage sites that are currently underwater in Gujarat (eg. Dwarka) and Tamil Nadu. History :- The Poompuhar is mentioned in works of Sangam Tamil literature which refers to the city located 30 km from the existing Poompuhar town in southern Tamil Nadu. The port city flourished in inter-continental trade but shifted with time. Finally, it was re-established at the present location at the mouth of the river Cauvery around 3,000 years ago. The shifts took place due to the continuous “kadalkol” or rising sea levels and the submergence of the deltas, Previous Studies : The Indian Remote Sensing Satellites showed that the city was established initially in the Cauvery Delta about 30km away from the present Poompuhar town around 15,000 years ago. It had discovered a harbour-like structure as well as sea walls and probably a bridge in the region. The study also provided insights about the life history and the social, cultural as well as technological evolution of Poompuhar. It also revealed the age of Poompuhar from 3000 years to 15,000 to 20,000 years. Despite several studies on Tamil literature, archaeology, underwater exploration and geosciences, the exact location of initial establishment of Poompuhar, its age, later shifts and the reasons and periods of its extinction, remained unresolved. Project Digital Poompuhar :- The project involves underwater surveys and photography by remotely operated vehicles and remote sensing-based geodynamic studies to bring out comprehensive information on the time series evolution and extinction. It also involves the visualisation of geodynamic processes of the last 20,000 years like land subsidence, sea-level rise, Cauvery’s migration, floods, tsunami, cyclones and erosion. The study is also expected to provide scientific information not only on the life history of Poompuhar and the socio-cultural evolution but also the science and technological evolution and the disaster history of this region, Indian Digital Heritage Initiative :- India Digital Heritage is an initiative by the Department of Science and Technology in the areas of technology and humanities for digital documentation and interpretation of our tangible and intangible heritage. The project highlights art, architecture and cultural legacy of the world heritage site Hampi in Karnataka, the medieval capital of the Vijayanagara dynasty. Source :- Indian Express

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14:45:30

Waterholes Revival in Bandipur Tiger Reserve Part of :- GS paper lll - Environment Conservation, Environment Pollution and degradation and Environmental impact assessment. Why in News :- Prolonged monsoon and unseasonal rains have helped to rejuvenate the waterholes in Bandipur Tiger Reserve, Karnataka. Key Points :- There are 370 big and small waterholes (a depression in which water collects from where animals usually drink) in Bandipur and 85% of them are full. At Bandipur, majority of waterholes dry up by February and March leading to severe water stress situation for animals. But this year, it is expected that the depletion of water levels will take a little longer. Also, in the areas of water stress, 37 solar-powered borewells have been arranged that will function to replenish the waterholes periodically to further minimise the water scarcity. Bandipur Tiger Reserve :- Established in: Bandipur Tiger Reserve was established in 1973 under Project Tiger. In 1985, by including adjacent areas from Venugopala Wildlife Park, it was enlarged and named as Bandipur National Park. Location: The Tiger Reserve is situated in two contiguous districts (Mysore and Chamarajanagar) of Karnataka and is located at the tri-junction area of the States of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It forms a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Ecological Diversity: Bandipur Tiger Reserve lies in one of the richest biodiversity areas of the country. It is surrounded by Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in the South, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in the South-west & The Kabini Reservoir separates the Bandipur and Nagarahole Tiger Reserve on the North-west. Biodiversity: The Reserve is endowed with rich floral and faunal diversity and is recognized as one of the Mega Biodiversity Areas in the country. The Tiger and the Elephants are the flagship (iconic or symbolic species for a defined habitat, issue, campaign or environmental cause) and umbrella (species selected for making conservation-related decisions) species for the conservation of all the biota that this ecosystem represents. The Bandipur along with Nagarahole, Mudumalai, Sathyamangalam & Wayanad constitutes the single largest Wild population of Tigers in the world. This landscape comprises of 21% of the total forested area of the Western Ghats and holds one-eighth of the world's Tiger population (one-fourth of India’s Tiger population). This Landscape is also home to the single largest Asian Elephant population in the world and is part of the Mysore Elephant Reserve (MER). Source :- The Hindu

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World Wetlands Day Part of :- GS paper lll - Environment Conservation Environment Pollution, degradation and Environmental impact assessment. Context :- World Wetlands Day is celebrated every year on the 2nd of February. This day marks the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar. The theme for 2020 is ‘Wetlands and Biodiversity’. It was first celebrated in 1997. Wetlands :- Wetlands are ecosystems saturated with water, either seasonally or permanently. They include mangroves, marshes, rivers, lakes, deltas, floodplains and flooded forests, rice-fields, coral reefs, marine areas no deeper than 6 metres at low tide, as well as human-made wetlands such as waste-water treatment ponds and reservoirs. Though they cover only around 6% of the Earth’s land surface, 40% of all plant and animal species live or breed in wetlands. Significance of Wetlands :- Wetlands are a critical part of our natural environment. They mitigate floods, protect coastlines and build community resilience to disasters, reduce the impacts of floods, absorb pollutants and improve water quality. Wetlands are critical to human and planet life. More than 1 billion people depend on them for a living and 40% of the world’s species live and breed in wetlands. They are a vital source for food, raw materials, genetic resources for medicines, and hydropower. 30% of land-based carbon is stored in peatland. They play an important role in transport, tourism and the cultural and spiritual well-being of people. Many wetlands are areas of natural beauty and many are important to Aboriginal people. Threats :- As per the IPBES (Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services)’s global assessment wetlands are the most threatened ecosystem. Wetlands are disappearing 3 times faster than forests due to human activities and global warming. According to UNESCO, the threat to wetlands will have an adverse impact on 40% of the world’s flora and fauna that live or breed in wetlands. Major threats: Agriculture, development, pollution and climate change. Status of Wetlands in India :- Recently, the Ramsar Convention declared 10 wetlands from India as Ramsar sites taking the total number of Ramsar Sites in the country to 37. Wetlands declared as Ramsar sites are protected under strict guidelines of the convention. There are currently over 2,300 Ramsar Sites around the world. India has over 7 lakh wetlands, covering 4.5% of the country’s area, yet none of the wetlands has been notified under domestic laws. Wetlands are regulated under the Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017. The 2010 version of the Rules provided for a Central Wetland Regulatory Authority, but new Rules of 2017 replaced it with state-level bodies and created a National Wetland Committee, which functions in an advisory role. The newer regulations  removed some items from the definition of “wetlands” including backwaters, lagoons, creeks, and estuaries. Under the 2017 regulations process to identify the wetlands has been delegated to the States. Source :- The Indian Express

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#Sangrai danceTraditional Sangrai dance ofTripurawas presented in Republic Day paradefor the first time.The dance is performed by the Mog tribal NOTEScommunity on the occasion ofSangrai festival during the month of Chaitra (in April) of the Bengali calendar year.
Mogs are Buddhist and havethe close affinitywith Burmese Buddhism.#Prelims_2020#mission2020#Prelims_2020 @YouthIAS

#Sangrai dance 

 Traditional Sangrai dance of Tripura was presented in Republic Day parade  
for the first time.
...
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19:45:44

#Mugger CrocodileThe mugger crocodile, alsocalled marsh crocodile or broad-snouted crocodile, has come to the centre of renewedattention in Gujarat, where the Forest Department has started evacuating muggers from two ponds on theSardar SarovarDam premises on theNarmada, to facilitate a seaplane service at theStatue of Unity.Key facts: o Already extinct in Bhutan and Myanmar.👉Listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1982. In India, it isprotectedunder Schedule I of theWildlife Protection Act, 1972.#Prelims_2020#currentaffairs#mission2020 @YouthIAS

#Mugger Crocodile 

• The mugger crocodile, also called marsh crocodile or broad-snouted crocodile, has come to the...
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19:47:33

#Mangaluru Narrow-Mouthed Frog• It is the newest frog discovered from Karnataka.
• It is christened Microhyla kodial after the city ofMangaluru(called kodial in theKonkanilanguage).
• The Mangaluru narrow-mouthed frog is found only in a smallindustrial space in Mangaluru.#currentaffairs#mission2020#Prelims_2020 @YouthIAS

#Mangaluru Narrow-Mouthed Frog 

• It is the newest frog discovered from Karnataka. 

• It is christened Microhyla ...
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Yesterday's quiz answers Que 1) Bangladesh Que 2) Titan Que 3) Jharkhand Que 4) 3 Que 5) 27

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7:27:0

New Initiative phase-2 Target (UPSC Mains-2020) ◾️Daily Answer writing Challenge Practice (Day-81) UPSC Mains Answers Writing practice [ 4 February 2020]- (Day-81) Write the following Questions All compalsury (200 Words)

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7:27:20

Q.1 Young people with moral conduct are not eager to join active politics. Suggest measures to motivate them in active politics. नैतिक आचरण वाले तरुण लोग सक्रिय राजनीति में शामिल होने के लिए उत्सुक नहीं होते हैं। उनको सक्रिय राजनीति में अभिप्रेरित करने के लिए उपाय सुझाइए।

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7:27:31

Q.2 Complete denial of agreement is a test of integrity. Explain in this context by giving examples from real life. समझौते से पूर्ण रूप से इनकार करना सत्यनिष्ठा की एक परख है। इस संदर्भ में वास्तविक जीवन से उदाहरण देते हुए व्याख्या कीजिए।

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7:27:42

Q.3 Corporate social responsibility makes companies more profitable and sustainable. Analyze. कॉर्पोरेट सामाजिक दायित्व कम्पनियों को अधिक लाभदायक तथा चिरस्थायी बनाता है। विश्लेषण कीजिए।

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7:27:58

Q.4 “Big ambition is the passion of great character. Those who are rich with this can do either very good or very bad works. It is all based on the principles they are guided by. ”- Napoleon Bonaparte. Citing examples, mention the rulers who (i) have done harm to society and country, (ii) have worked for the development of society and country. “बड़ी महत्वाकांक्षा महान चरित्र का भावावेश (जुनून) है। जो इससे संपन्न है वे या तो बहुत अच्छे अथवा बहुत बुरे कार्य कर सकते हैं। ये सब कुछ उन सिद्धन्तों पर आधारित है जिनसे वे निर्देशित होते हैं।” – नेपोलियन बोनापार्ट।  उदाहरण देते हुए उन शासकों का उल्लेख कीजिए जिन्होंने (i) समाज व देश का अहित किया है, (ii) समाज व देश के विकास के लिए कार्य किया है।

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7:28:29

Target UPSC Mains 2020
Daily Answer writing Practice

UPSC Mains Answers Writing practice Program

[ 4 February 2020]-) Day-81

Submit Ur Answers 👉

Telegram@Contact_YouthIASWhatsApp +9192-8490-1998

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Mission UPSC Prelims 2020Target120+ Prelim 2020Rs 100 to join channel.Get 50000 MCQ for prelims 2020.Daily 10 Static & CA prelims mcq.
Click HEREhttps://imjo.in/pXeeCYReg Startedhttps://imjo.in/pXeeCYJoin Contact@Contact_YouthIASMobile No+9192-8490-1998

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UPSC Prelim-2019 special Quiz
Target 120+ UPSC Prelim-2020 Quiz

Daily Quiz Practice and Solutions

(4th February 2020 - Days -90)

Today's Topics -Current Affairs

Today's Quiz Questions 👆👆

Telegram 👉@Contact_YouthIASMobile no 👉 +9192-8490-1998

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14:59:57

World Cancer Day Part of :- GS paper ll - Health Context : The World Health Organisation (WHO) and it’s specialized International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have released two reports on the occasion of World Cancer Day (4th February). The reports aim to set the global agenda on cancer, mobilise stakeholders and help countries set priorities for investing in cancer control and universal health coverage. Key Points : Global Scenario : The report has warned that one in five people worldwide would face a cancer diagnosis in their lifetime. The overall cancer cases in the world would rise by 60% by 2040 and tobacco use is responsible for 25% of cancer deaths in the world. Less than 15% of low- and middle-income countries offer comprehensive cancer treatment services through their public health systems, compared to higher-income countries. Better cancer treatment in high-income countries has resulted in a 20% drop in mortality between 2000 and 2015 whereas only 5% drop is observed in the case of low and middle-income countries. Thus cancer cases would rise by 81% in low- and middle-income countries by 2040 because of a lack of investment in prevention and care. At least 7 million lives could be saved over the next decade, by identifying the most appropriate science for each country's situation by basing strong cancer responses on universal health coverage, and by mobilizing different stakeholders to work together. National Scenario : 1 in 10 Indians will develop cancer during their lifetime, and 1 in 15 Indians will die of cancer. There are an estimated 1.16 million new cancer  cases, 7,84,800 cancer deaths in India. The six most common cancer types in India are breast cancer, oral cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, and colorectal cancer. Together, these account for 49% of all new cancer cases. Tobacco-related cancers account for 34-69% of all cancers in men and constitute 10-27% of all cancers in women in most regions in India. World Cancer Day : World Cancer Day is organized by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and celebrated each year on 4 February. It aims to rally the international community to end the injustice of preventable suffering from cancer. The theme for 2020 is “I can, we can” which acknowledges that everyone has the capacity to address the cancer burden. Source :- Indian Express

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Ujh Multipurpose Project Part of :- GS paper ll - India and its neighborhoods. And International​ treaties and agreement involving India and affecting India's interest. Context : Ujh Multipurpose Project is planned to fast track utilization of India's rights under Indus Waters Treaty. The project will enhance the utilization of waters of Eastern Rivers allotted to India as per the Indus Water Treaty. Location: The project is planned to be constructed in Kathua District of Jammu & Kashmir on the River Ujh. Ujh is a tributary of the Ravi river. Indus Waters Treaty : The Indus system comprises the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. The basin is shared by India and Pakistan. Under the Indus Waters Treaty signed between India and Pakistan in 1960, the waters of three rivers, namely Ravi, Sutlej and Beas (Eastern Rivers) shall be available for the unrestricted use of India. While, the waters of Western rivers - Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab were allocated to Pakistan except for specified domestic, non-consumptive and agricultural use permitted to India as provided in the Treaty. India has also been given the right to generate hydroelectricity through run of the river (RoR) projects on the Western Rivers which, subject to specific criteria for design and operation is unrestricted. India is also allowed to use 20% of water from Indus, Chenab and Jhelum (Western rivers) for irrigation, power generation and transport purposes. This is a unique treaty involving a third party since it was brokered by the World Bank. A Permanent Indus Commission was set up as a bilateral commission to implement and manage the Treaty. The Commission solves disputes arising over water sharing. The Treaty also provides an arbitration mechanism to solve disputes amicably. Source :- PIB

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15:0:43

Missing Women and Children in India
Part of :- Issues related to Women. And Issues related to Children.

Context :

Recently, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released a study on missing persons (especially on women and children) in India.

The analysis was directed by the Supreme Court of India in 2019 to identify the areas prone to child and women trafficking.

Some parts of the country report higher incidents of missing children and women which could be one of the sources, transit or destination for child/womentrafficking.
The data for the study has been taken from the annual Crime in India (CII) report compiled by the NCRB for the years 2016, 2017 and 2018.

Global Scenario :

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Global report 2018 on trafficking in persons indicates that the vast majority of the detected victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation are females.

More than half of the victims of trafficking for forced labour are men and 35 % of them are females.

The reasons for missing include mental illness, miscommunication, misadventure, domestic violence, and being a victim of crime. Whereas the common cause of trafficking is forced marriage, child labour, domestic help and sexual exploitation etc.

National Scenario :

a) Missing Women

Maharashtra registered the maximum number of missing women followed by West Bengal.

Maharashtra, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh are three most vulnerable states.

Mumbai and Pune (Maharashtra), Kolkata (West Bengal) and Indore (Madhya Pradesh) recorded the highest number of such incidents.

b) Missing Children

The number of missing children are maximum in the State of Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi and Bihar.

Indore reported the highest number of missing children. Whereas West Bengal’s Nadia district, bordering Bangladesh, showed a steep increase from 291 missing children reports in the year 2017 to 474 in 2018.

National Crime Record Bureau :

The National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

It functions as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.

It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).

NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime across the country (‘Crime in India’ report) since 1953. The report serves as a crucial tool in understanding the law and order situation across the country.

Source :- The Hindu

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15:0:47
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15:0:51
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15:1:2

Sophisticated Analytical & Technical Help Institutes: SATHI Part of :- GS paper ll - Government Policies and Intervention for development in various sectors/services and issues arising out of their implementation. Context : The Department of Science & Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences) has launched a unique scheme called Sophisticated Analytical & Technical Help Institutes (SATHI). The DST has already set up 3 such centres in the country, one each at IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi and BHU. It is planned to set up 5 SATHI Centres every year for the next four years. These Centres have major analytical instruments and advanced manufacturing facilities to provide common services of high-end analytical testing, thus avoiding duplication and reduced dependency on foreign sources. Key Points : Science and Technology infrastructure: Address the need for shared, professionally managed and strong Science and Technology infrastructure in the country which is easily accessible to academia, start-ups, manufacturing, industry and R&D labs. Efficient Use of Equipments: Address the problems of accessibility, maintenance, redundancy and duplication of expensive equipment in Institutions. Intellectual Property Rights : Address the issue of Intellectual property (IP) creation and protection, a digital platform will be created which will facilitate seamless application and capture IPRs (Intellectual Property Rights). Knowledge Translation Clusters : These clusters will be set up across different technology sectors including in new and emerging sectors for designing, fabrication and proof of concept and further scaling up technology clusters. Besides the SATHI initiative, extra funds to 100 top-performing departments in universities and IITs etc will be provided in 2020 for augmentation of their research facilities to global benchmarks. The research efforts of these supported departments will be in sync with the national priorities of excellence  in manufacturing, waste processing, clean energy  and water, and Start-up India, etc. SATH (Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital) Program It is a program of NITI Aayog. Objective: To initiate transformation in the education and health sectors and build 3 future ‘role model’ states. The program addresses the need expressed by many states for technical support. Source :- PIB

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15:1:14

Forest Fire Prevention and Management Part of : GS paper lll - Environment Conservation, Environment Pollution and degradation and Environmental impact assessment. Context : Minister of State for Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has provided information about forest fires management and prevention during a reply to the question tabled in Rajya Sabha (Budget Session 2020). Key Points : The area covering 93,273 hectares was affected by forest fires in 2019.  However, it also includes “ground fires”, i.e. burning of ground vegetation. Forests are a subject in the concurrent list of the Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The MoEF&CC has prepared a National Action Plan on forest fires (2018)  after consultation with all states and Union Territories. Additionally, MoEF&CC also provides forest fire prevention and management measures under the Centrally Sponsored Forest Fire Prevention and Management scheme. National Action Plan on Forest Fires : National Action Plan on Forest Fires (NAPFF) was launched in 2018 to minimise forest fires by informing, enabling and empowering forest fringe communities and incentivising them to work with the State Forest Departments. The plan also intends to substantially reduce the vulnerability of forests across diverse forest ecosystems in the country against fire hazards. It also aims to enhance capabilities of forest personnel and institutions in fighting fires and swift recovery subsequent to fire incidents. Forest Fire Prevention and Management Scheme : The Forest Fire Prevention and Management Scheme (FPM) is the only centrally funded program specifically dedicated to assist the states in dealing with forest fires. The FPM replaced the Intensification of Forest Management Scheme (IFMS) in 2017. By revamping the IFMS, the FPM has  increased the amount dedicated for forest fire work. Funds allocated under the FPM are according to a center-state cost-sharing formula, with a 90:10 ratio of central to state funding in the Northeast and Western Himalayan regions and a 60:40 ratio for all other states. It also provides the states to have the flexibility to direct a portion of the National Afforestation Programme (NAP) and Mission for Green India (GIM) funding toward forest fire work. Source : Indian Express

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19:5:47

Golden JackalDestruction of mangrove cover in the Bandar Reserve Forest is forcing the goldenjackal (Canis aureus) out of its habitat, triggering a conflict with the local communities.
The Golden Jackal is a wolf-like canid that isnative to Southeast Europe, Southwest Asia, South Asia, and regions ofSoutheast Asia.The conservation status ofthe animal is the ‘least concern’ and it preys on wild crab and fish.#Prelims_2020#currentaffairs#mission2020 @YouthIAS

Golden Jackal 

• Destruction of mangrove cover in the Bandar Reserve Forest is forcing the golden jackal (Canis au...
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19:7:8

Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme• Assam has announced the success of the Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme in the State.The golden langur conservation project was undertaken at theAssam State Zoo in Guwahati during the 2011-12 fiscal.
• The golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) is currently endangered.• Apart from a 60 square mile area in north-western Assam, smallpopulations are found in Bhutan and Tripura.#currentaffairs#Prelims_2020#YouthIAS @YouthIAS

Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme 

• Assam has announced the success of the Golden Langur Conservation...
Anonymouse
19:12:15

KrakatoaIt is avolcanic island situatedin theSunda Strait betweentheislands of Java and Sumatrain theIndonesianprovince of Lampung.
The name is also used for the surrounding island group comprising the remnants of amuch larger island of three volcanic peaks whichwere obliterated in a cataclysmic 1883 eruption.
In1927, a new island, Anak Krakatau, or “Child of Krakatoa”, emerged from the calderaformed in 1883 and is the current location of eruptive activity.The island is part of the Ujung Kulon National Park#Geography#Prelims_2020#Target2020@YouthIAS

Krakatoa

It is a volcanic island situated in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in the Indon...